From the hot, humid jungles bordering India, to the snow-capped peaks of the world’s highest mountains, Nepal is a land of extreme diversity. This diversity is also represented by its peoples, with over 30 million residents speaking 120 native languages. Nepal’s people trace their original descendants from Mongolia, Tibet, Burma, India and many other countries. Nepal is also the birthplace of Lord Buddha, where pilgrims visit Lumbini every year to celebrate his teachings.
Nepal is located in South Asia sandwiched between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).
The Terai region covers the southern lowland that continues to the Bhabar belt covered with the Char Kose Jhadi forests known for rich wildlife. Further north, the Siwalik zone (700 – 1,500 m) and the Mahabharat range (1,500 – 2,700 m) give way to the Duns (valleys), such as Trijuga, Sindhuli, Chitwan, Dang and Surkhet. The Midlands (600 – 3,500 m), north of the Mahabharat range is where the two beautiful valleys of Kathmandu and Pokhara lie covered in terraced rice fields, and surrounded by forested watersheds.View more info